Road Safety

Road safety is a most common and important topic and has been added to various fields like education, social awareness, etc in to order to bring more awareness in the public especially new age group people. Road safety is a safety measure to reduce the risk of road accidents and road side injury because of the mistakes of people while driving on the road. We cannot count the daily road side accidents and death of people because of the driving mistakes and lack of road traffic rules followers. Every person going on the road has risk of injury or death.

Everyone needs to be well aware of the road traffic rules especially children and young people who are at significant road accident risks. According to the statistics (World Health Organization, 2008), it is found that most of the hospitalization cases and leading cause of death are because of the road trauma. Road safety is very necessary while being on the road and must know by all because road accidents are the leading cause of death. Everyone should learn the road traffic and safety rules at a very early age to perform safer behaviors in the later life.

As we all are well aware that road accidents, injury and death has been very common now-a-days. People not following the road traffic rules and road safety measures are the main cause of such accidents on the roads. We always hear in the news or by our friends about the road accidents because of the wrong side driving, lack of road safety rules, measures, high speed, drunk driving, etc. Government has made variety of road traffic and road safety rules for everyone using road for their safety and reducing the number of daily road accidents.

Road safety risks have been increased because of the driver distraction due to the use of cell-phone or other electronic devices while driving. In such cases, traffic laws and rules helps us a lot to keep away from the road accidents and injury. Road safety measures are the tools can save from the expensive traffic fines, serious offences, removal of driving licenses, etc. Pedestrians also know the rules of walking on the road like proper use of crosswalks, use of zebra crossing, etc.

There are various methods of creating awareness among common public such as seminars, workshops, students education by adding basic road-safety lessons to syllabus, make people aware about green cross code means stop, look, listen, think and then cross, learning of traffic lights, understanding of road signs, etc. Following all the road safety measures help a lot to protect all the road problems. Some effective measures of road safety are like basic awareness about vehicle, defensive driving according to weather and road conditions, use of vehicle lights and horn, wearing seat belt, well use of vehicle mirrors, avoid over-speeding, understanding road lights, maintaining distance of vehicle on road, proper understanding of handling crisis situation, telecast of awareness documentaries on TV, etc.



Stop Sign

This sign is used on roadways where traffic is required to stop before entering a major road.

GIVE WAY SIGN

On watching the sign, vehicles must give way to the other traffic having the right-of-way.

No Entry

These signs are located at places where the vehicles are not allowed to enter.

STRAIGHT PROHIBITED

These signs are located at places where the vehicles are not allowed to enter.


One Way Sign

These signs are located at the entry to the one-way street and repeated at intermediate intersections on that street.

Horn PROHIBITED

sounding of horn is not allowed, near hospitals and in silence zones.

CYCLE PROHIBITED

entry to cycles is prohibited.

PEDESTRIAN PROHIBITED

entry to pedestrians is prohibited.


Left Turn PROHIBITED

vehicles are not allowed to make a turn to the left.

U-Turn PROHIBITED

This sign is used at places where vehicles are forbidden to make a U - turn.

OVERTAKING PROHIBITED

This sign is used at places where sight distance is restricted and overtaking will be dangerous.

Right Turn PROHIBITED

vehicles are not allowed to make a turn to the right.


ALL MOTOR VEHICLES PROHIBITED

entry to all types of motor vehicles is prohibited.

Truck PROHIBITED

entry to trucks is prohibited.

Hand Craft PROHIBITED

entry to hand carts is prohibited.

BULLOCK CART PROHIBITED

entry to bullock carts is prohibited.


NO STOPPING OR STANDING

This sign is erected where vehicles are prohibited to stop even temporarily.

SPEED LIMIT

The speed limit in kilometers per hour.

TONGA PROHIBITED

entry to tongas is prohibited.

No Parking

This sign is erected where parking is not allowed.


HEIGHT LIMIT

This sign is used where entry of vehicles exceeding a particular height is prohibited.

LENGTH LIMIT:

This sign is used where entry of vehicles exceeding a particular length is prohibited.

LOAD LIMIT

This sign is used whose laden weight exceeds a certain limits.

WIDTH LIMIT

This sign is used where entry of vehicles exceeding a particular width is prohibited.



BULLOCK CARTS & HAND CARTS PROHIBITED

entry to bullock carts and hand carts is prohibited.

RESTRICTION ENDS

This sign indicates the point at which all prohibitions notified by prohibitory signs for moving of vehicles cease to apply.



COMPULSORY TURN LEFT

These signs indicate the appropriate direction in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed.

COMPULSORY TURN Right

These signs indicate the appropriate direction in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed.

COMPULSORY AHEAD OR TURN LEFT

These signs indicate the appropriate directions in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed. Vehicles are supposed to move either of the given two directions.

COMPULSORY AHEAD OR TURN Right

These signs indicate the appropriate directions in which the vehicles are permitted to proceed. Vehicles are supposed to move either of the given two directions.


COMPULSORY AHEAD

This sign indicates that the vehicle is only permitted to proceed ahead.

COMPULSORY TURN Right

The vehicles are obliged to keep left only.

COMPULSORY CYCLE RICKSHAW TRACK

This sign means only cycles and rickshaws are allowed on this road/carriageway.

COMPULSORY SOUND HORN

This sign means the motor vehicles shall compulsorily sound horn at the location where the sign is placed. This sign is mostly put at sharp curves on hill roads.


SLIP ROAD AHEAD

This sign means the vehicles can either go straight or turn left.

MAIN ROAD AHEAD

This sign means the vehicles can either go straight or turn right.

PEDESTRIANS ONLY

This sign means only pedistrians are allowed and the traffic is not allowed on this road/carriageway.

BUSES ONLY

This sign means that only buses are allowed and other traffic is not allowed on this road/carriageway.


RIGHT HAND CURVE

This sign is used where the direction of alignment changes. The sign forewarns the driver to reduce the speed and proceed cautiously along the road.

LEFT HAND CURVEt

This sign is used where the direction of alignment changes. The sign forewarns the driver to reduce the speed and proceed cautiously along the road.

RIGHT HAIR PIN BEND

This sign is used where the change in direction is so considerable that it amounts to reversal of direction. The symbol bends to right or left depending upon the road alignment.

LEFT HAIR PIN BEND

This sign is used where the change in direction is so considerable that it amounts to reversal of direction. The symbol bends to right or left depending upon the road alignment.


RIGHT REVERSE BEND

This sign is used where the nature of the reverse bend is not obvious to approaching traffic and constitutes a hazard. If the first curve is to the right, a right reverse bend shall be used. If the first curve is to the left, a left reverse bend is used.

LEFT REVERSE BEND

This sign is used where the nature of the reverse bend is not obvious to approaching traffic and constitutes a hazard. If the first curve is to the right, a right reverse bend shall be used. If the first curve is to the left, a left reverse bend is used.

NARROW BRIDGE

This sign is erected on roads in advance of bridges where the clear width between the kerbs or wheel guards is less than normal width of carriageway.

GAP IN MEDIAN

This gap is installed ahead of a gap in the median of a divided carriageway, other than an intersection.


NARROW ROAD

This sign is normally found in rural areas where a sudden reduction in width of pavement causes a danger to traffic.

ROAD WIDENS

This sign is normally found in rural areas where a sudden widening of road causes a danger to traffic, such as, a two-lane road suddenly widening to a dual carriageway.

CYCLE CROSSING

This sign is erected in advance of all uncontrolled cycle crossings.

PEDESTRIAN CROSSING

This sign is erected in advance of both approaches to uncontrolled pedestrian crossings.


SCHOOL

This sign is erected where school buildings or grounds are adjacent to the road where the traffic creates a hazard to children.

MEN AT WORK

This sign is displayed only when men and machines are working on the road or adjacent to it or on overhead lines or poles. This sign is removed when the work is completed.

SIDE ROAD RIGHT

This sign is displayed in advance of the side road intersections where a large volume of entering traffic together with restricted sight distance is likely to constitute a hazard. The driver is warned of the existence of a junction.

SIDE ROAD LEFT

This sign is displayed in advance of the side road intersections where a large volume of entering traffic together with restricted sight distance is likely to constitute a hazard. The driver is warned of the existence of a junction.


MAJOR ROAD

These signs are displayed in advance of crossing with the major road, where a sufficiently large volume of traffic together with a sufficiently large volume of traffic together with restricted sight is likely to cause a hazard.

STAGGERED INTERSECTION

This sign is used to indicate junctions where the distance between two junctions is not more than 60 meters.

T INTERSECTION

This sign is displayed in advance of T-junctions where the nature of inter-section is not obvious to approaching traffic. This sign is used to warn the driver of the existence of a junction.

ROUND ABOUT

This sign is used where it is necessary to indicate the approach to a roundabout.


START OF DUAL CARRIAGEWAY

This sign is displayed when a single carriageway ends into a dual carriageway.

END OF DUAL CARRIAGEWAY

This sign is displayed when a dual carriageway is ending and a single carriageway is starting.

REDUCED CARRIAGEWAY

These signs caution the driver of the reduction in the width of the carriageway ahead. This is displayed on undivided carriageways when some portion of the carriageway is closed or reduced for repairs.

CROSS ROAD

This sign is displayed in advance of the cross road where a sufficiently large volume of crossing or entering traffic with restricted sight distance is likely to constitute a hazard.



PUBLIC TELEPHONE

This sign is displayed on long stretches of roads in rural area indicating the distance to the nearest public telephone on supplementary plate, where it is in inconspicuous position.


FILLING STATION

This sign is displayed on long stretches of roads in rural area at the entry to the road leading to the facility.


HOSPITAL

This sign is used to notify drivers of vehicles that they should take the precautions required near medical establishments and in particular that they should not make any unnecessary noise.


FIRST AID POST

This sign is used to notify drivers on long stretches of roads in rural area of the first aid facility which may be helpful in case of emergency.




EATING PLACE

This sign is used to indicate where a regular eating place is located.


LIGHT REFRESHMENT

This sign is used to notify drivers of vehicles that they should take the precautions required near medical establishments and in particular that they should not make any unnecessary noise.